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Cautious independence is an important concept of Confucianism. Inheriting for thousands of years, later generations have never stopped studying Shendu. So, what does Shendu mean? Cautious independence is originated from the doctrine of the mean in the Book of Rites: Destiny refers to nature, willfulness refers to Taoism, and Taoism refers to religion. If you are a Taoist, you must not leave for a moment, but you can leave for a Taoist. That’s why gentlemen are cautious about what they don’t see and fear what they don’t hear. Don’t see hidden, don’t show slight. Therefore, gentlemen should be careful about their independence. Caution is to be cautious and alert at any time; It is to be alone and act alone. Shendui, according to the explanation in the word dictionary: shendui means that when a person is alone, he can also strictly demand himself not to do any immoral things. It is explained in Ci Yuan that you can be cautious and meticulous when you are alone. The explanation in Cihai is that when you are alone and no one pays attention to you, you should be cautious and meticulous in your own behavior. Extending to the outer edge can be regarded as responsible for one’s own behavior. People generally understand that when they are alone, they can also observe morality and principles, do their words and deeds meticulously, and maintain their own image. “University” in said cheng yu zhong, outside. Therefore, gentlemen must be careful about their independence. The main idea is that at any time, as long as you have a firm and correct moral belief in your heart, you can do good instead of evil in your actions. Therefore, a noble person pays great attention to strengthening moral cultivation and improving his moral realm. However, the basic requirement of being cautious and independent is just like the saying in The Doctrine of the mean. One should not be separated for a moment, but not from the doctrine. That’s why gentlemen are cautious about what they don’t see and fear what they don’t hear. Don’t see anything hidden, don’t be obvious, so the gentleman should be careful about his independence. It means that the moral principle of being a person can’t be left for a moment. Therefore, people with noble morality are always very cautious when others cannot see it, and when others cannot hear it, always very vigilant. The most hidden things can show people’s qualities most, and the smallest places can show people’s souls most. Therefore, when a person of noble conduct is alone without supervision, he always does nothing immoral very cautiously. It can be seen that Shendu has been a very high moral realm since ancient times. It can be seen that self-discipline is a kind of cultivation, self-discipline is a kind of self-discipline, and self-discipline is a kind of magnanimity. That is to emphasize adhering to one’s own moral belief unswervingly and more carefully without external supervision, acting consciously according to moral requirements, and not doing arbitrarily because of no supervision. For thousands of years, self-discipline has played an important role in people’s self-cultivation. When Emperor Andi of the Eastern Han Dynasty, Wang Mi, the county magistrate of Changyi, in order to thank Yang Zhen, the governor of Jingzhou, for his help in that year, paid a large sum of money to visit Yang Zhen late at night and said that he had no knowledge at night. And Yang Zhen said, God knows, God knows, I know, you know. Facing the temptation, Yang Zhen restrained his desire consciously and didn’t accept bribes because of no supervision or others’ ignorance, which was the power of self-discipline. When you are struck by failures and never recovered, are you sinking and decadent? Do you face the dilemma in front of you with a correct attitude? If your answer is correct, then you will be cautious. Hardships do, Sima Qian humiliation complete “historical records” They all rose in trouble and succeeded in failure. Can’t they be called models? Active accept heteronomy. One’s whole life is the dialectical unity of self-cultivation and external supervision. Self-cultivation is carried out under the requirements of external norms, which is a process of constantly adapting to external norms. External norms are the basis of self-cultivation. Without certain external norms, self-cultivation will lose its goal. Heteronomy not only points out the direction for self-discipline, but also can supervise and urge self-discipline. It is not easy for people to reach the state of being cautious and independent. Some people often relax self-discipline under certain conditions. At this time, the role of heteronomy is very important. In real life, the praise and criticism of leaders and comrades often play a role in urging people to make progress, which is the truth. Therefore, while emphasizing self-discipline, we should not ignore and reject heteronomy, but take the initiative to accept heteronomy. Do not delusion, do not act recklessly, do not act rashly, do not think rashly. In short, when a person is alone, he can also be in full view of the public, always using moral norms to restrain his behavior, rather than like a grinding donkey, having to get a whip to move twice. And this power of inner mind is also the fundamental reason why human beings can override livestock. In ancient times, there was Liu Xianhui sitting around without any confusion, and he was given a memorial to the festival. Yang Zhen could speak out the God’s knowledge, the Earth’s knowledge, you know, I know in a forceful manner when facing Wang Mi. Facing the whole tree of pears, Xu Heng can quietly say that although pears have no master, my heart has master. This is the power of self-discipline. But now those people who hold the power in their hands think that no one will find that they are crazy to accumulate money, indulge themselves in the pleasure of the body and the satisfaction of the material, it lacks the power of self-discipline. Three provinces in my day. When you are alone, reflect on your own gains and losses, and strive to be worthy of the sky, do not blame others, constantly improve your self-cultivation and moral realm, and strive to do better than in front of the public. Zeng Guofan’s four daily lessons: cautious independence, respect, seek benevolence and learn Labor, which provide a good example for each of us. Lansheng Valley, not for the sake of Mo Fu but not to work; Zhouxing River, not for the sake of not to ride but not floating; Gentleman’s righteousness, not for the sake of knowing and stopping. Those Taoist hermits living alone on the top of Mount Hua in the book “empty valley and Orchid” can live a lonely life with the sky as the land as the cottage on the top of the mountain where birds cannot fly, under those abrupt top and obscure dark clouds, they can be as extraordinary and refined as empty valley and orchid and free from dust and dirt just because they have the soul which is gradually enriched and enriched in Shendu. Do as one pleases enduring moment. When the realm of the soul reaches a certain height, the world of mortals will surge away. There is nothing in the seven emotions and six desires that can shake your soul. The so-called independence, the God in the heaven, and this God is his own soul. Under the constraint of his own soul, his mind is full of wisdom, and his emotions are related to the common people. Every move exudes the brilliance of philanthropy, which is called caution. The Grand Master of Chuang Tzu said: After joining the sun, you can go out of the world; After going out of the world, I will keep it again. After seven days, you can go out of the world, and I will keep it again, nine days later, it can be exogenous; It has been exogenous, and then it can be chaoche, chaoche then see independence, see independence and then there can be no ancient and modern times; There is no ancient and modern times but it can be integrated into life without death. However, Chuang Tzu himself was a cautious and independent person. He had never been tempted when he was a high-ranking official and generous person. He experienced the happiness and freedom of the world alone, sang with festivals, danced with the wind, and followed his inner strength, enjoy the joy of flying like a butterfly. Self-respect, introspection, self-warning, self-encouragement. Self-respect is to establish lofty ideals, great ambitions and noble sentiments. In interpersonal communication, neither arrogance nor self-conceit. Blind arrogance is not self-respect, which should be based on full confidence. Everyone should learn to correctly understand themselves and evaluate others, Don’t ignore others’ advantages because of one’s own advantages; Don’t deny your own value because of others’ success in one aspect. Introspection means checking and reflecting on yourself and reminding yourself not to make mistakes. In daily life, we should pay attention to forming the habit of three provinces every day, reflecting on our own behavior and reviewing our own style. Once you find something deviating from the code of ethics, you should correct it immediately instead of accommodating and forgiving yourself, especially when you perform tasks alone and the direct supervision and constraints are relatively reduced, more attention should be paid to introspection and reminding yourself all the time. Self-warning is to warn and warn yourself. We should always use social ethics to demand and restrain ourselves, and warn ourselves not to do any deviant actions; We should take the negative typical as a mirror, learn from it, and warn ourselves not to make similar mistakes. Self-motivation is to motivate and spur yourself. Encourage Yourself with lofty ideals and strive to make contributions in your own position. A person’s moral belief is closely related to his life values. Only by establishing correct life values and lofty ideals can he have a strong sense of social responsibility, only in this way can we act strictly in accordance with social ethics. Courage to practice. Practice is the most important way to improve personal moral cultivation and realize the transformation from knowledge to belief. The formation of the realm of prudence and independence is the result of the transformation of moral knowledge into moral beliefs, and the realization of this transformation cannot be solved by learning book knowledge, only through personal practice, only by constantly learning experience and lessons from both positive and negative aspects can knowledge be internalized into firm belief. For those who despise laws and regulations, it is not enough to tell him the importance of obeying laws and regulations theoretically. Only after letting him participate in practice and experiencing or witnessing some bloody lessons, only laws and regulations can leave a deep mark in his mind. With the accumulation of internalization, the realm of self-discipline will continue to improve. The renewal of moral concepts needs practice. Practice is the foundation of theory, and some new moral norms are usually first expressed from real life. Only by constantly devoting themselves to practice, contacting with reality and understanding the society, only by deeply reflecting and summarizing various objective phenomena can one keep up with the pace of the times. Improve the level of moral realm. Strengthening moral cultivation is not a matter once and for all. One’s moral realm will constantly change with the changes of the environment. The lofty moral realm is based on self-denial and dedication. For each of us, it is not easy to do this often. If we relax our requirements, we may become slaves of material desire. People often say that learning a thousand days is not enough, and learning a bad day is more than a day. This is the truth. Therefore, strengthening moral cultivation is like sailing against the current. If you don’t advance, you will retreat. If you want to be cautious at any time, you must constantly improve its level. The lowest level of self-discipline refers to no violation without supervision. Under the circumstance that the moral level of the whole social environment and the small environment where I live is relatively low, I can do it according to the moral standard no matter whether there is supervision or not. The second level of being cautious and independent refers to being able to keep clean under the circumstance that many people violate the rules and the risk of being punished is very small. Diligence and dedication. Because concentration can eliminate all distractions and concentrate on a certain direction without being disturbed and tempted by external factors. Because diligence can give full play to your potential, do as many things as possible, and strictly demand yourself, restrain yourself and spur yourself. Self-discipline is self-discipline. It used to be the highest moral standard of feudal literati and officialdom, but now it is the method of our moral cultivation. Moral cultivation is as precious as a gem, so self-discipline is the gem among gems, the real Diamond is to be strict with yourself without supervision. Like (prose editor: Jiangnan wind) the 30th year of my WeChat era

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